The map below is one of the plans drawn by Jaques Bar for the defense of Haifa. These were done upon the discovery by Haganah intelligence of the British Plans to have the Arab forces attack Haifa on the First Seder night April 23, 1948 while celebrating Passover.
With only 400 rifles on hand and an Arab force of about 4,000 Iraqi regulars in the city, and 20,000 Palestinian militia surrounding Haifa, the only course open was to attack first, using all of Jaques' battlefield experiences and know-how in making bombs.
When Jaques discovered that there was some dynamite available, he quickly devised his plans to use 300 tires filled with crashed stone, and rolled them onto the Arab positions. He calculated that they should have the force of artillery to break through the Arab fortifications creating the illusion that these tire bombs were artillery shells, making the Arabs believe that the British had double-crossed them by allowing the Jews to have these weapons. Other explosives and diversions were employed as well that would create panic and confusion, causing the Arabs to flee by small boats to Acres.
This plan above was first of three drawn up April 20, 1948.
Mr. Bar also planned the capture of Lod/Ramla, Beersheva and was instrumental in stopping the Egyptian tank advance on Tel Aviv along with a portion of the road to Jerusalem. His underground activities from 1944 to 1948 are numerous as well.
Bar's engineering works were equal or greater in the preparations made all over Israel with his way of building, using the materials at hand, as well as fortifications and killing zones that enabled the settlements to defend themselves against many more Arab forces who were better armed and led at times by the British.
In 2000 this material including actual archival ones such as the map above which were photocopied and donated to the USHMM in Washington D.C. allowing historians to understand better the events both in Israel, Russian 1941 and North Africa which reflects a very different story than has been promoted by all, focusing on the death camps only, and omitting the hundreds of thousands of Jews who fought the Nazis while most of their families were murdered simply due to their religious beliefs and family's heritage.
Jaques' mother Laura Imber was a university educated lady who graduated in 1908 as well as a Zionist leader in L'vov Poland. Many in Jaques' family were professionals who were targeted by the Nazi SS hit squads upon their arrival in L'vov in late June 1941.
The Germans upon their arrival in L'vov asked all the professionals including Jews/Poles/Ukrainians to report to the soccer stadium where they put a bullet in the back of each person's head, as their first step in their cleansing of all the non-Aryans and Slavs, so that the 1000 Year Reich would rid itself of any and all educated people who could pose a threat, and work to death the remainder to create their Aryan Pure State.
The Germans SS filmed these executions and by December 1941 were played in all major German cinemas showing the German people what they were doing in the East in their name.
The information about the fact that the Germans were not taking prisons on the battlefield, unless the numbers where too great to shoot, reached Jaques within a short time, as well as the fact that the Germans would after interrogation execute all Jewish prisons of war, making capture not an option for himself and the other Jews fighting in the Soviet military.
This personalized nature of the fighting in Russia, led to Jaques' company never taking German prisoners (a policy that the Germans had started), instead allowing his men to kill them on the spot, since being behind enemy lines made taking prisoners not feasible, needing to feed and guard them, which would have put too much pressure on his men who were cold, hungry, sick and constantly fighting the Germans.
The Political Commissar of this regiment was Gorbachev who was one of the 6 along with Jaques who managed to escape back into Russian lines in October 1941, with many others from the regiment dead or joining the partisans and continuing their fight behind enemy lines.